World Credit Organization [WCO] Charter
World Credit Organization [WCO] Charter(Version: ICE8000-999-20040301-20150511-23) (Membership Resolution)
(This standard) Writer: Fang Bangjian ; Proposer: Fang Bangjian ; Deliberative Body: World Credit Organization Member Referendum; Effectiveness Level: Member's Referendum Resolution
Chapter I General Provisions
1.1 Chinese name of the organization: World Credit Organization, English name: World Credit Organization, and may be suffixed according to the law of the place of registration (eg corp, limited), abbreviated WCO. Common Name: World Credit Organization [WCO], hereinafter referred to as the organization.
1.2 The purpose of the organization: to promote social integrity, reduce transaction costs, and enhance human well-being.
1.3 Registration place of the organization: The president of the executive committee may register in the United States and other countries according to actual needs to obtain legal protection.
1.4 The organization implements the basic system of separation of legislative power, administrative power, and disputed power. The three powers are relatively independent, mutual supervision, and checks and balances.
1.5 Organize all management agencies and staff to perform their duties in accordance with the general principles of the common law system and the universal universal value principle.
Chapter II Business Scope and Conditions for the Effectiveness of Foreign Contracts
2.1 The scope of business of the organization:
(1) Establish and improve the international universal social credit system (ICE8000 international credit standard system);
(2) Industry self-discipline and peer supervision;
(3) absorbing members and working hard to promote exchanges and cooperation among members;
(4) recommendation and supervision of members (including members' goods and services);
(5) International Credit Practitioner Qualification Examination;
(6) Carry out other work around the organization's purpose.
2.2 The organization shall not conduct commercial activities, establish commercial establishments, or engage in commercial competition with its members. The top five businesses of Article 2.1 of this Prospectus are not considered as commercial activities.
2.3 The contract signed by the organization shall be valid only after it has been reviewed by the Council.
Chapter III Members
3.1 Membership Type and Membership Requirements:
(1) Credit practitioners. Those who have obtained the registration of the organization's credit practice naturally become members of this type.
(2) Credit institution members. A credit practitioner that has obtained an organization's credit practice registration naturally becomes a member of this type.
(3) Integrity individual members. Individuals who have obtained ICE8000 certification or rating will naturally become members of this type; natural persons who have sponsored by the members and promise to abide by this charter can register as members of this type.
(4) Integrity unit members. Units that have obtained ICE8000 certification or rating will naturally become members of this type; those who have sponsored and promised to abide by this charter can register as members of this type.
(5) Integrity country member. Countries or regions that have obtained ICE8000 certification or rating will naturally become members of this type; countries or regions that are committed to comply with this charter can register as members of this type.
(6) Investor members. Investors who hold an organization's equity and are committed to comply with this charter can register as a member of this type.
(7) Donor members. Donors who donate more than $1 to the organization and are committed to comply with this charter can register as a member of this type.
3.2 If the same member has multiple membership types, you can enjoy multiple membership types.
3.3 If the membership enrollment time or re-entry time is less than one year, it is a temporary member. After one year of membership, if it does not violate the organization resolution, it will automatically become a full member. In special cases, the board can shorten the member's temporary status time.
3.4 Temporary members have the following rights:
(1) The right to participate in activities;
(2) the right to criticize;
(3) the right to make recommendations;
(4) The right to supervise;
(5) Sponsorship membership rights;
(6) The right to withdraw.
3.5 Official members have the following rights in addition to the rights mentioned in 3.4:
(1) The right to know.
(2) The right to be elected.
(3) Right to vote and to vote. Investor members shall vote for each share (the right to vote is also considered as voting rights), and the Council shall decide otherwise. The method of calculating the voting rights of donor members shall be reviewed by the Council. Each type of member other than the investor member and the donor member has one vote for each member.
3.6 Members shall fulfill the following obligations from the date of membership:
(1) Obligation to comply with organizational resolutions (as specified in 17.2 and 17.3);
(2) Try to avoid the obligation of intensification of conflicts (in accordance with Article 17.1);
(3) The obligation to pay the dues;
(4) Obligation to report the situation to the organization and truthfully provide information;
(5) Obligation to serve as a juror.
3.7 Members shall notify the Executive Council in writing when they voluntarily withdraw from the meeting.
3.8 The members of the unit who are appointed to participate in the organization of activities, exercise their rights, and perform their duties shall have the status of individual members.
3.9 The decision of the organization to impose penalties on members shall be made by the International Court of Ethics.
Chapter IV Membership Decision
4.1 The member referendum procedure shall be determined by the following authority:
(1) Whether the member's referendum procedure for the supervisor's recall or the hearing of the committee's recall is initiated, and must be submitted by the president of the executive committee and reviewed by the council;
(2) The member referendum procedure for matters other than (1) shall be submitted by the Board of Directors and passed by the Board of Supervisors.
4.2 In order to balance and protect the rights and interests of different types of members, the member referendum process shall be conducted by independent members.
4.3 President of the Executive Council, Vice President of the Executive Council, Directors, Trial Members, Supervisors' Dismissal Cases\Independence Council Dissolution Cases/Provisional Transition Period Setups/Articles of Association Amendments shall be passed by members. In addition, the formal membership of each of the independent types of more than four-fifths (including the number) must be approved by the member.
4.4 In addition to the provisions of 4.3, the member's referendum shall be approved by the formal members who have more than one-half of the independent types (more than one-half of which do not include the number, the same below).
4.5 When the number of members of a certain type is zero, it is considered that the members of this type have passed the referendum.
Chapter V Directors
5.1 The directors are directly elected by the same type of formal members and can be re-elected and elected every two years.
5.2 The governing election program shall be open, fair and just, and shall be reviewed by the Council.
5.3 A unit member is only eligible to become a director candidate if he or she is the legal representative, the general manager of the administrative person in charge, or the actual controller (only one of the three).
5.4 The number of directors of each type shall not exceed 435. However, when the total number of members of the same type divided by the total number of directors of the same type is greater than 30,000, a director's quota shall be added.
5.5 Credit practitioners, honest personal directors, each term of two years.
5.6 Investor directors, donor directors, each term of four years.
5.7 Directors of credit institutions, directors of integrity units, and directors of national institutions of integrity, each term of six years.
Chapter VI Independent Council, Single Resolution
6.1 Each of the same type of directors shall form various types of independent councils and independently review and vote on the proposals.
6.2 President of the Executive Council\Other Independent Councils\ One-fifth of the same type of directors\Directors, have the right to convene an independent board meeting. However, more than two-thirds (two-thirds of the number, the same below) of the same type of directors can be convened.
6.3 President of the Executive Council, Vice President of the Executive Council, Directors, Trial Members, Supervisors' Dismissal Cases\Independence Council Dissolution Cases\Provisional Transition Period Setups/Articles Amendments shall be approved by two-thirds of the same type of directors. . Other motions must be approved by more than one-half of the participating directors.
6.4 If one tenth of the same type of director proposes, the motion may be submitted to the same type of council.
6.5 The Independent Board of Directors shall be chaired by the same type of director appointed by its chairman or chairman. When the chairman has not arrived at the meeting and has not appointed the moderator of the meeting, a member of the same type of director will elect a director to act as the moderator.
6.6 Chairman of the Independent Council, elected by the same type of director, each term of two years, renewable re-election.
6.7 An independent council has the power to make a resolution that is binding only on members of its type, which is called a single-line resolution. The effect of a single-line resolution is lower than that of the Executive Council resolution.
6.8 Procedure for the adoption of the resolution of the Independent Council (the formation procedure for the single-line resolution):
In the first step, the motion was reviewed and approved by an independent council.
In the second step, the proposal is submitted to other independent councils and given reasonable time. If there is no other independent council to veto within a reasonable time, proceed to the next step.
In the third step, the proposal is submitted to the President of the Executive Council for signature, and after signing it becomes a single-line resolution. If the President of the Executive Council vetoes the motion, he must proceed to the second round (re-take the first step, the second step, the third step). In the second round, if the bill is not amended and more than two-thirds of the votes are approved at the first independent board vote, and the second step is passed, the bill does not need to be signed by the president of the executive committee and automatically becomes a single bank. resolution.
6.9 During the deliberation of the Independent Council, if a bill is the same as the votes of the two parties, the chairman has the right to vote two votes.
Chapter VII Council, Council Resolution
7.1 The Board of Directors is the legislative body of the organization. Its responsibilities and competences are:
(1) According to the request, review the financial budget plan, the administrative department's departmental plan, the full-time staffing plan, the remuneration plan, the stock issuance plan, the registered capital and the valuation and other major financial matters;
(2) Examine the appointment and dismissal of the Honorary Chairman, Honorary Vice Chairman, Supervisor and Trial Committee and the position of the person in charge of the administrative department;
(3) All matters belonging to the scope of the legislative body in accordance with the general principles of the common law system.
7.2 The Board of Directors consists of seven separate parts: the Council of Credit Practitioners, the Council of Credit Practitioners, the Board of Trustees, the Integrity Individual Council, the Integrity National Regional Council, the Investor Council, and the Donor Council.
7.3 The Board of Directors is convened by seven independent councils. When necessary, multiple independent councils may hold joint meetings, which are chaired by the vice president of the executive committee or their entrusted personnel. When the joint meeting votes, it is still necessary for the independent councils to vote separately.
7.4 The two independent councils have veto power over the bills passed by the other two independent councils; the three independent councils have veto power over the bills passed by the other three independent councils.
7.5 Proceedings of the Council's Proposal (Formation Procedures for Council Resolutions):
In the first step, the bill was approved by two or more independent committees.
In the second step, the proposal is submitted to other independent councils and given reasonable time. If it is not effectively vetoed by other independent councils within a reasonable time, proceed to the next step.
The third step is to submit the proposal to the President of the Executive Council for signature and to become a Council resolution after signing. If the President of the Executive Council vetoes the motion, he must proceed to the second round (re-take the first step, the second step, the third step). In the second round, if the bill is not amended and more than two-thirds of the votes are approved at the first independent board vote, and the second step is passed, the bill does not need to be signed by the president of the executive committee and automatically becomes a council member. Will decide.
7.6 If an independent council does not exist, it shall be deemed that the independent council has not vetoed the motion. If all independent councils do not exist, the board of supervisors shall act as the board of directors.
Chapter VIII Executive Council, Executive President, Executive Council Resolution
8.1 The Executive Council is the administrative body of the organization. Its responsibilities and competences are as follows:
(1) Implement organizational resolutions;
(2) Formulating a resolution of the Executive Council on matters not resolved by the Council;
(3) All matters that fall within the scope of the powers and responsibilities of the administrative body in accordance with the general principles of the common law system.
8.2 The President of the Executive Council is the highest responsible person of the Executive Council and the highest representative of the organization. The Executive Council has a vice president, and the vice president is the president's campaign partner, which is produced together with the president. The Vice President of the Executive Council participates in the organization of affairs according to the entrustment of the President of the Executive Council.
8.3 The President of the Executive Council shall be elected by the members. The election plan shall be open, fair and just, and shall be reviewed by the Council.
8.4 The president and vice president candidates of the Executive Council shall pass the International Registered Credit Counselor [ICCA] or the International Credit Manager [ICM] exam. In the presidential election of the Executive Council, all types of members have 1,000 electoral votes, a total of 7,000 electoral votes. The same election result of one thousandth of the same type of formal member becomes a valid electoral vote, and if the remaining election results are less than one thousandth, they are rounded off. The winner who won the most electoral votes will win the election.
8.5 The president of the Executive Council shall not exceed two sessions per year for four years. A successor or acting executive president for more than two years is considered as one session.
8.6 If the President of the Executive Council dies, resigns or is dismissed during his term of office, he shall be succeeded by the Vice President of the Executive Council. When the President of the Executive Council is temporarily unable to perform his duties during the term of his term, he shall be represented by the Vice President.
8.7 If the Vice President of the Executive Council dies during his term of office, resigns or is dismissed or succeeds as the President, he shall be succeeded by the Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Credit Practitioners. When the vice president of the administrative committee is temporarily unable to perform his duties during the term of office, he shall be represented by the chairman of the board of credit institutions.
8.8 The resolution of the Executive Council, also known as the Administrative Resolution, is the responsibility and issuance of the President of the Executive Council. Executive Council resolutions are less effective than Council resolutions.
8.9 The senior executives of the Executive Council (the heads of the various administrative departments of the Executive Council) shall be nominated by the President of the Executive Council and appointed by the Council, and resignation or dismissal shall not be considered by the Council.
Chapter IX International Moral Court
9.1 The International Ethics Court is an organization's dispute arbitration body, which is divided into the first-instance international moral court, the second-instance international moral court, and the highest international moral court.
9.2 The first-instance international moral court and the second-instance international moral court are composed of trial members; the highest international moral court is composed of supervisors.
9.3 The International Ethics Court ruling includes the ruling of the trial committee and the ruling of the board of supervisors.
9.4 The president of the first-instance international moral court and the president of the second-instance international moral court shall be elected by all the trial committees. Each term shall be two years and may be re-elected.
9.5 The President of the Supreme International Ethics Court is chaired by the Chairman of the Board of Supervisors.
9.6 There is no affiliation between the president, supervisor, trial committee and juror, and they perform their duties independently.
9.7 The International Moral Court hears cases independently, and the moral court composed of the trial committee, the jury and the board of supervisors independently examines and independently decides.
9.8 The International Moral Court abides by and firmly upholds the principle of procedural justice in pursuit of substantive justice (ie, the pursuit of justice by means of justice), and in accordance with this principle, strives to ensure the bottom line of social justice and the bottom line of maintaining social morality.
Chapter X Trial Members, Trial Committee, Jury, Jury
10.1 Qualifications of the Trial Committee (which may be called a moral judge) (all must be available):
(1) Conducting correct conduct and being able to hear cases fairly and actively;
(2) Pass the International Registered Credit Counselor [ICCA] or the International Credit Manager [ICM] exam;
(3) Have the necessary common law legal knowledge and be competent for work.
10.2 The number of trial committee members shall be determined according to the actual situation. The trial committee's appointment procedure: nominated by the president of the executive committee, and served after the council's deliberation.
10.3 The trial committee shall be re-elected indefinitely for a term of one year.
10.4 The Trial Board is a Provisional Institution and is composed of a single number of members who are selected from the list of members. When more than one member is heard, the majority shall be judged on the principle of majority.
10.5 The scope of the duties and powers of the trial committee shall be: according to the request, the first and second trials of various disputes other than the exclusive jurisdiction of the board of supervisors shall be conducted.
10.6 The jurors are randomly generated from the members.
10.7 The jury consists of jurors and is a temporary institution.
10.8 The outcome of the jury's ruling shall be deemed to be the result of the ruling of the trial committee.
10.9 The first and second instance cases may be heard by the jury.
Chapter XI Supervisors and Supervisory Committee
11.1 Supervisors (may be called moral judges) are qualified as follows (both must be available):
(1) Highly recognized and determined to guard the organization's purpose and the universal universal value principle;
(2) Pass the International Registered Credit Counselor [ICCA] or the International Credit Manager [ICM] exam;
(3) Work experience of senior staff with more than 8 years (including the number) (high-level personnel including directors, trial committee members, president of the executive committee, vice presidents and senior executives of the executive committee).
11.2 The number of supervisors is nine, nominated by the president of the Executive Council and appointed by the Council.
11.3 All supervisors form the board of supervisors.
11.4 The duties and authorities of the Board of Supervisors are:
(1) Responsible for the final case, according to the request;
(2) Exclusive jurisdiction: According to the request, responsible for the interpretation of the charter;
(3) Exclusive Jurisdiction 2: According to the request, it is considered whether the important bills (except for the supervisory and trial committee recall cases) are subject to membership referendum.
11.5 The chairman of the board of supervisors shall be elected by all supervisors and shall be re-elected for a term of four years.
11.6 The supervisory meeting shall be presided over by the chairman of the board of supervisors or his entrusted person.
11.7 The Board of Supervisors shall, in reviewing the amendments to the Articles of Association and the proposal for the transitional documents of the articles of association, make a ruling in the form of a full vote. If one supervisor fails to vote, the amendment cannot be passed. When the board of supervisors considers other matters, it will make a ruling according to the principle of majority obeying majority.
Chapter 12 Honorary Chairman, Honorary Vice Chairman
12.1 Honorary Chairman and Honorary Vice Chairman are honorary positions, nominated by the President of the Executive Council and appointed by the Board of Directors, with a term of two years.
12.2 Honorary Chairman and Honorary Vice Chairman, participate in foreign affairs etiquette activities according to the entrusted representative of the President of the Executive Council.
Chapter XIII Bankruptcy Liquidation, Bankruptcy, Legal Representative
13.1 For whatever reason, an organization cannot decide to go bankrupt or liquidate or close.
13.2 If the organization is bankrupt or liquidated due to force majeure, it shall be re-established after bankruptcy liquidation or bankruptcy. The manager who refused to re-establish or the manager who lost the joint shall be deemed to have resigned automatically. If a management position is required when the organization is re-established but no one is eligible, then a member can be elected to represent the management position.
13.3 The legal representative of the organization is the President of the Executive Council.
13.4 After the appointment of the President of the Executive Council, the legal representative shown on the registration certificate shall be the legal representative of the name before the registration of the change of the legal representative has been completed.
13.5 The nominal legal representative has only one authority: sign the full power of attorney and grant all the functions of the legal representative to the president of the executive committee. If the power of attorney is not signed, any supervisor or director may issue it on his behalf. The act of a legal representative on behalf of a person who transcends the above powers has no legal effect.
Chapter 14: Investor (Shareholders) Rights, Asset Use Principles, Donor Rights
14.1 The organization has three special shares, one is called the legislative power, the share enjoys the legislative power of the organization, the shareholder is the council; one share is called the executive power, the share enjoys the executive power of the organization, the shareholder is Administrative Council; a share of the disputed powers, the shares enjoy the right to dispute the organization, the shareholder is the International Court of Justice.
14.2 The stock price of a special stock is permanently 1 cent, just a symbol but not actually calculated and delivered.
14.3 All investors other than the special shareholders are actual investors. The actual investors share 20% of the total business income of the organization. If the sharing ratio is reduced, two-thirds of the voting rights of the actual investor must be obtained. The above business income refers to the income earned from the organization of business activities, including: authorization fee, recommendation fee, supervision fee, membership fee, examination fee, etc., excluding: donated income, stock issuance income, and asset equity income.
14.4 Organize all assets and incomes shared in accordance with Article 14.3. Ownership and management rights are attributed to special shareholders, but they can never be allocated. They can only be used for the development of business scope and purpose as stipulated in the Articles of Association.
14.5 If the proportion of the license fee is less than 5% or the proportion of the referral fee is less than 5%, the two-thirds of the members of the Investor Council must agree.
14.6 Organize the establishment of a donor's Hall of Fame, record the donor's donation amount, donation time and voting rights, which can be transferred and inherited.
Chapter 15 Financial Management, Financial Disclosure
15.1 The organization establishes a strict financial management system to ensure that the accounting materials are legal, authentic, accurate and complete, and that each expenditure is in compliance with the organizational resolution.
15.2 The accounting personnel, auditors and cashiers of the organization shall be divided into different departments.
15.3 The organization establishes a strict financial disclosure system to ensure that investors, donors, members and other stakeholders can understand the income and use of the organization.
Chapter 16 Member Factions, Member Autonomous Organizations
16.1 Members have the right to create or join or withdraw from various factions. However, the ordinary staff, trial committees, and supervisors of the Executive Council shall abide by the principle of neutrality, may not join the faction and participate in factional activities, or publicly express support or opposition to a faction.
16.2 Members have the right to create or join or withdraw from various autonomous organizations composed of members.
16.3 Each member faction and each member autonomous organization shall conduct self-governance according to its own charter, but shall abide by the general principles of the common law system and the universal universal value principle.
Chapter 17: Member Dispute Resolution, Member's Compliance with Organizational Resolutions
17.1 In order to avoid intensifying contradictions and preventing subjective cognitive errors, emotional impulses bring undue losses to others. Members should calmly think after controversy with others or members and organizations. If self-consultation fails, members are obliged to use the ICE8000 dispute resolution mechanism. Before the end of the ICE8000 dispute settlement mechanism, procedures such as litigation, arbitration, administrative reporting, etc., or complaints or other forms of complaints or exposure may not be filed with newspapers, the Internet, etc.
17.2 Organizational resolutions include: resolutions such as constitutional resolutions, international moral court decisions, council resolutions, executive council resolutions, and single-line resolutions. Members should consciously abide by organizational resolutions, but in the following two cases, members have the right to not comply with a clause of a certain (including multiple, the same) resolution:
(1) A member has the right to register a retention clause with the organization if he or she believes that he or she is unable to comply with a clause of a resolution. After the retention clause is registered, it is not subject to this clause.
(2) When a member discovers that a clause of a resolution impairs his or her legitimate rights and interests, the member has the right not to comply with the clause after publicly stating that the reason is not complied with.
17.3 If a member fails to comply with a clause due to the registration of the retention clause or the public announcement, the rights corresponding to the clause will no longer be enjoyed, and the already enjoyed benefits shall be repaid to the relevant party.
Chapter 18: Constitutional Interpretation and Articles of Association Revision
18.1 Interpretation Procedures for the Bylaws:
In the first step, the President of the Executive Council or the Board of Directors or the Trial Committee have the right to present their own interpretations of the charter;
In the second step, if the relevant party believes that the above explanation does not conform to the original meaning of the articles of association, it may apply to the board of supervisors for a final ruling;
In the third step, the final decision of the board of supervisors is the final interpretation of the valid charter.
18.2 The revised procedures for the Bylaws are as follows:
In the first step, the President of the Executive Council or the Independent Council submits a constitutional amendment to the Council;
The second step is to submit the decision of the board of supervisors to the board of supervisors after review and approval;
The third step is to conduct a member referendum through the decision of the board of supervisors. The result of the member's referendum is the final result.
Chapter 19 Supplementary Provisions
19.1 The Articles of Association shall be implemented as of the date of the member's referendum.
19.2 A member's referendum may set a transition period for clauses that are not currently enforceable in this charter.
19.3 The World Credit Organization [WCO] is a merger of the International Credit Appraisal And Supervision Association (ICASA) and the International Credible Enterprises Association (ICEA), inherited its rights and obligations.
Disclaimer: The copyright of this standard belongs to the World Credit Organization [WCO], members can use it for free and unlimited use; non-members can use it for free, study, training, research, self-use, reprint, citation, adaptation, reference, etc., if they indicate or declare the source. Reference, reference. No unit or individual may plagiarize plagiarism or disguise plagiarism or otherwise infringe. Otherwise, we will jointly expose the infringing units, individuals and related personnel after the investigation of the infringement facts is clear (to issue a credit wanted order to the society). And reserves the right to pursue their legal responsibility. Do not infringe or infringe.
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